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Improving the Integration of Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines

Title of project: Improving the Integration of Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines

Program Locations: Philippines

Project Duration: June - July 2015

Project Lead: Kenneth MacClune

Project overview:

Rapidly growing lower middle-income countries such as the Philippines bear the brunt of disaster-induced economic losses. The average impact of disaster in these countries from 2001 to 2006 is estimated to equal 1% of the gross domestic product – this is 10 times higher than the impact of disaster on high-income countries. This disproportionate impact has been attributed to the increasing exposure of high-value assets as these countries develop.

The Philippines is extremely hazard-prone, subject to volcanic eruptions, typhoons, storm surges, tsunamis, sea level change, floods, landslides, drought and monsoon delays. It has been labeled as the third most vulnerable country to weather-related extreme events. It is thought that climate change will reduce cultivatable land, agricultural productivity, and food security. Furthermore, climate impacts on coral reefs will have detrimental effects on fisheries and the country’s tourism industry. Rapid urbanization, environmental deterioration, and unsustainable development practices will further exacerbate the nation’s vulnerability to climate change. Informal settlements are among the most vulnerable to climate change. Given the ongoing and predicted impacts of climate change, the Philippines government has attempted to integrate CCA into existing DRR polies and structures.

Core Program Activities:

-Investigate the extent of current integration of CCA and DRR in the Philippines, and identify lessons for facilitating greater integration.

-Describe the progression of disaster and climate thinking and integration of DRR and CCA

-Explore governance of DRR and CCA in the Philippines to identify successes, challenges, opportunities, and progress. Look at the extent of integration in institutional arrangements, funding (at different levels of government), and treatment in national development, sector policy, and plans, and how these issues influence operational practice on the ground.

-Identify critical gaps and how integration can be improved.

Professional Staff Involved :

Kenneth MacClune

Kanmani Venkateswaran


Thelma Manuel 


Funders: Asian Development Bank